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Fashion Construction I

Course Description

Fashion Construction is designed to teach sewing skills, machine functionality, body measurements and alterations, and reading and following the instructions given in a commercial pattern. Through proper use of the sewing machine, students will construct samples of sewing techniques, a tote bag, and one garment.  Students must provide some of their own materials for this class. Students will cover the basics of textiles, fabric construction and selection for apparel, and introductory sewing skills that are applied in a variety of samples and apparel.

Grade Level(s): 9th-12th grades

Related Standards (State &/or National): National Standards for Family Consumer Sciences Education

Priority Standards include:

  • Apply appropriate terminology for identifying, comparing, and analyzing the most common generic textile fibers and fabrics.
  • Analyze characteristics of textile components in the use and disposal or recycling of products.
  • Demonstrate professional skills in using traditional and technologically innovative equipment, tools, and supplies in textiles, fashion, and apparel construction, alteration, repair, and recycling.
  • Use appropriate industry products and materials for cleaning, pressing, and finishing textiles, fashion, and apparel.
  • Demonstrate basic skills for production, alteration, repair and recycling of textiles, fashion, and apparel.

Essential Questions

  • Which tools are needed for proper garment construction? How do you use those different tools properly and in an appropriate manner?
  • How do you use different machines to perform various operations for a variety of purposes? 
  • How do workmanship and fabric choice affect the final product?
  • What is the best way to organize work, manage time, and solve problems in a timely, efficient manner when working on a multi-day construction project? 
  • How do you fix/solve a fashion construction problem when working on and evaluating the product?
  • Which techniques can be utilized to obtain a specific, desired look of a pattern?
  • When and how do you alter a garment? 
  • Which construction techniques are most appropriate for different fabrics/materials, people, and/or different purposes?

Enduring Understandings/Big Ideas

As a result of their coursework and experiences in the Fashion Construction I course, students will be able to:

  • Evaluate various sewing tools and their purposes, using them to perform tasks on different garments and samples. 
  • Maintain and properly use pressing equipment, sewing machines, and sergers to complete multiple samples and a garment.
  • Explain the ways in which fiber, fabric, texture, pattern, and finish can affect visual appearance.
  • Demonstrate basic skills for the production, alteration, and/or repair of textiles and/or apparel.
  • Take accurate body measurements using a flexible measuring tape, choose an appropriate garment pattern, cut the appropriate size, select and prepare appropriate fabric and notions, and accurately sew a garment to fit their body measurements, making adjustments and alterations as necessary.

Course-Level Scope & Sequence (Units &/or Skills)

Unit 1: Fashion and the Economy - Sustainability, Fast Fashion, & Pollution

In this unit, students learn how fast fashion, fashion pollution, and sustainability have impacted the global economy. Students will research environmental organizations and use this information to create a plan to change their environmental footprint.

  • Students will explain fast fashion and how it has affected the global economy.
  • Students will identify multiple global economic impacts related to the fashion industry.
  • Students will research different environmental organizations and analyze their impact on the economy.
  • Students will identify what they can do to reduce their fashion footprint.

Unit 2: Fashion Terminology & Equipment

In this unit, students identify and learn how to properly use supplies and tools used in fashion construction. They identify common problems and determine how to troubleshoot those issues. Students will be able to transfer skills learned to operate any machine.

  • Students will identify sewing tools, supplies, and notions needed for garment construction.
  • Students will evaluate various sewing tools and their purposes, using them to perform tasks on garments and samples.
  • Students will identify and explain the functions of the sewing machine parts.
  • Students will operate a sewing machine safely and correctly, demonstrating controlled stitching.

Unit 3: Fashion Construction Techniques - Stitching, Pressing, & Workmanship

In this unit, students learn about various stitching techniques, how to create them, and when to use them. Students practice different stitch lengths, widths, and learn how to change these settings on the machine to accomplish the technique they are trying to construct in their sample/project. The main seams students will use are a straight stitch seam, a serged seam, and/or a zig zag seam, culminating in a finished collection of samples.

  • Students will maintain and properly use pressing equipment, sewing machines, and sergers.
  • Students will demonstrate knowledge of machine terminology while troubleshooting issues.
  • Students will use the iron, steamer, machines, and sergers to complete samples and a garment.
  • Students will describe the necessity of using correct pressing techniques and tools when constructing a garment/project.
  • Students will identify workmanship problems in the finished samples related to sewing and pressing to maintain quality control.
  • Students will evaluate their own work using rubrics provided.

Unit 4: Student Project #1 - Constructing a Bag

In this unit, students choose a tote bag pattern and construct it using the stitching, pressing, and construction techniques learned in Units 2 and 3. Students will evaluate a fabric choice to determine if it's the best choice for their pattern.

  • Students will construct a simple bag of choice using techniques learned in previous units.
  • Students will evaluate and self-monitor their process to make alterations based upon the outcome.
  • Students will apply responsible organizational, project, problem-solving, and time management principles to the tote project.

Unit 5: Final Student Project - Pattern Selection, Layout, & Cutting

In this unit, students learn how to take accurate body measurements using a flexible measuring tape and how to use those measurements to decide what size they wear according to a pattern envelope (since sewing patterns are sized differently than ready to wear garments). Students then choose a garment pattern and cut the appropriate size, choose and prepare their fabric and notions, and accurately sew it to fit their body measurements.

  • Students will demonstrate how to select a pattern based upon their body measurements and figure type.
  • Students will interpret and accurately follow the symbols and instructions used in a commercial pattern.
  • Students will describe the importance of fabric selection and preparation.
  • Students will construct a simple project of choice using techniques learned in previous units.
  • Students will evaluate their process and make alterations based upon the outcome.
  • Students will apply responsible organizational, project, problem-solving, and time management principles to the tote project.

Course Resources & Materials:  TBD

Date Last Revised/Approved: 2022