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Kindergarten Phonics & Phonemic Awareness

Course Description

In kindergarten, students learn oral language, phonological (relating to the relationships among speech sounds that constitute the fundamental components of language) and phonemic (ability to identify and manipulate individual sounds/phonemes in spoken words) foundational skills in addition to letter recognition and printing before beginning reading and spelling instruction. 

Grade Level(s): Kindergarten

Related Priority Standards (State &/or National):  K-5 Missouri Learning Standards & ELA Priority Standards

Essential Questions

  • How do readers create meaning from informational and literary texts?
  • How does a student become a skilled reader?
  • How do phonemic awareness and phonics impact learning to read?
  • How do sound and letter relationships help a student learn to write?

Enduring Understandings/Big Ideas

  • Students will identify all upper-and lower-case letters
  • Students will recognize sounds in spoken words
  • Students will produce and write letter(s) for most short vowel and consonant sounds
  • Students will read, with support, appropriate texts with purpose and understanding

Course-Level Scope & Sequence (Units &/or Skills)

  • Lessons 1-5: Alphabet Recognition
  • Lessons 6-15: Alphabet Practice
  • Lessons 16-30: Rhyme, Blending, Segmenting, Sounds 
  • Lessons 31-65: Teach Upper Case Letters 
  • Lessons 66-85: Teach Lower Case Letters
  • Lessons 86-95: Review Letters
  • Lessons 96-130: Teach and Review Sounds
  • Lessons 131-180: Teach Consonant-Vowel-Consonant (CVC) and Sight Words

Course Resources & Materials: Sonday System Essentials

Date Last Revised/Approved: 2022